Ectoparasites of the island fox on Santa Cruz Island

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2001
Authors:K. R. Crooks, Scott, C. A., Angeloni, L., Bowen, L., Kimsey, R. B., Van Vuren, D. H.
Journal:Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Pagination:189 - 193
Date Published:2001
ISBN Number:0090-3558
Keywords:Animal Diseases/epidemiology/parasitology, animals, California, ectoparasite, fleas, Foxes, Ixodes, lice, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S., Seasons, Sex Characteristics

The ectoparasite fauna for island foxes (Urocyon littoralis) on Santa Cruz Island (California, USA) in April (wet season) and September (dry season) 1998 was evaluated. Three taxa of ectoparasites were identified. These were fleas (Pulex irritans), lice (Neotrichodectes mephitidis), and ticks (Ixodes pacificus). Ectoparasite abundances varied seasonally. Typical of insular endemic species, island foxes may be especially vulnerable to the introduction of novel disease organisms and their vectors.

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