Recommendation to standardize pediculicidal and ovicidal testing for head lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2001
Authors:C. N. Burkhart, Burkhart C. G.
Journal:Journal of Medical Entomology
Pagination:127 - 129
Date Published:2001
ISBN Number:0022-2585
Keywords:animals, humans, Insect Control, insecticide, Lice Infestations/epidemiology/prevention & control, Ovum, Pediculus

Pediculosis capitis is a prevalent and highly communicable condition infesting millions of elementary school students annually. Topical insecticides are the present standard treatment for this condition. Because resistance of head lice to insecticides is a growing concern, assessment of efficacy of pediculicidal and ovicidal activity of the various agents is needed for public health interests. Given the number of anecdotal and market-driven reported studies, assessment of topical lice therapies requires standardized testing. Evaluations based on adaptations of World Health Organization guidelines are not ideal, whereas a protocol reflecting clinical exposure to insecticides is preferable.

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