Species distribution of genus Quadraceps (Mallophaga: Philopteridae) on New Zealand Endemic plovers

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1981
Authors:J. M. Martens, Palma R. L.
Journal:New Zealand Journal of Zoology
Pagination:83 - 85
Date Published:1981
Keywords:Charadriinae, distribution, host, Mallophaga, mtax, PHP, Quadraceps, specificity

The louse genus Quadraceps Clay & Meinertzhagen is represented on New Zealand endemic Charadriinae by Q. dominella Timmermann, Q. novaeseelandiae Timmermann, and Q. cedemajori Timmermann, which are parasitic on Charadrius obscurus (Gmelin), Thinornis novaeseelandiae (Gmelin), and Anarhynchus frontalis Quoy and Gaimard respectively. Charadrius bicinctus Jardine and Selby is parasitised by both Q. novaeseelandiae and Q. cedemajor. This pattern of distribution is unusual, in that two Quadraceps species are sympatric on the same host individuals, and host species that are not closely related have louse species in common. It seems probable that C. bicinctus has been secondarily colanized by two spcies of Quadraceps. One species appears to of primarily evolved on T. novaeseelandiae and the other on A. frontalis.

File attachments: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith