|Year of Publication:||2003|
|Authors:||W. A. Maier, Grunewald, J., Habedank, B., Hartelt, K., Kampen, H., Kimmig, P., Naucke, T., Oehme, R., Vollmer, A., Schöler, A., Schmitt, C.|
|Series Title:||Climate Change 05/03|
|Document Number:||UBA-FB 000454|
|Institution:||Institut für Medizinische Parasitologie der Universität Bonn|
|Keywords:||bacteria, Climate, environment, global change, mosquitos, parasites, Pathogen, reservoir host, sand flies, ticks, vector, virus, zoonoses|
Kurzfassung (2.7 Läuse (Phthiraptera) page 83-84)
English title: Possible effects of climatic changes on the distribution of arthropode (vector)- borne infectious diseases and human parasites in Germany
Abstract: (Chapter 2.7 Louse (Phthiraptera) page 83 - 84)
Emerging and reemerging vector- borne diseases, seem especially in respect to climatic changes, to become a world-wide problem. Until recently Germany seemed not to be affected.To be sure that not insufficient information due to missing experts led to this impression, this report is supposed to give a detailed description of all actuel and assumed vector-borne diseases and their vectors. Therefore a group of experts in the field of arachno- entomology got together. The members of the group were selected among other criterias due to their practical experiences with special groups of insects and ticks as well as the diseases they transmit.
It was shown that a great number of pathogens already exist in Germany and that suitable vectors for other pathogens have been found, which means that when pathogens are imported by reservoir hosts or infected travelers autochthonous cases are to be expected.
The relationship between vector host and pathogen is a rather complex system in which especially the vector and the development of the pathogen in the vector are dependent upon their environment and climate. Numerous vectors and pathogens seem to display due to the recent warm periods an expansion tendency towards the north. < This is for example the case for ticks and diseases transmitted by these vectors, such as TBE and Lyme disease. Also sandflies and leishmaniasis one would have not expected in Germany. On the other hand this project made it apparent that scientific data which seemed to emphasize that trend still appears to be missing to a large extend. Under such given criteria one cannot predict the outbreak of diseases, endemics or even epidemics.
Mögliche Auswirkungen von Klimaveränderungen auf die Ausbreitung von primär humanmedizinisch relevanten Krankheitserregern über tierische Vektoren sowie auf die wichtigen Humanparasiten in Deutschland