Molecular identification of Campanulotes bidentatus Scopoli, 1763 (Phthiraptera, Philopteridae) infecting the domestic pigeon Columba livia from Saudi Arabia

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2021
Authors:R. A. Alajmi, Metwally, D. M., El-Khadragy, M. F., Yehia, H. M., El-Ashram, S., Almusawi, Z., Amjad_Bashir, M., Alotaibi, N. J., Abdel-Gaber, R.
Journal:Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Date Published:Apr-01-2021
Keywords:Mitochondrial genes

The taxonomy of the order Phthiraptera is unstable and still problematic to researchers. Most of the current taxon classifications are mainly based on morphological features. Campanulotes bidentatus belongs to the chewing lice of the Philopteridae family that mostly parasitic on birds. There is a lack of sequence data and phylogenetic analyses on the family Philopteridae. In the current study, C. bidentatus was collected from the domestic pigeon Columba livia and identified morphologically and molecularly based on the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (COI). The infection rate of the Campanulotes genus was approximately 58.82% in this study. Phylogenetic analysis based on the mt COI gene was informative for members of Philopteridae and the group taxon genera formed distinct clades. Future studies were recommended using the 16s rRNA to enhance the tree topology and obtain clear differentiation between genera.

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