Eucalyptus Oil-Induced Seizures in Children: Case Reports and Review of the Literature

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2021
Authors:S. Chandar Dudipala, Mandapuram, P., Ch, L. Kumar
Journal:Thieme: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Date Published:Jan-01-2021
Type of Article:Open Access
ISSN:0976-3147, 0976-3155
Keywords:antiepileptic drugs, eucalyptus oil, seizures, underrecognized

Objective Eucalyptus oil (EO)-induced seizures (EOIS) in children is a less recognized entity and a rare cause of acute symptomatic seizures. The purpose of this review outlines the clinical features and outcomes of EOIS with observed cases.

Patients and Methods We identified three pediatric patients with EOIS who were treated at Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karim Nagar, India.

Results Seizures were developed in three children within 15 to 25 minutes after the ingestion of EO. All the children have taken EO first time and all have the first episode of seizures. One child had status epilepticus. Neuroimaging and electroencephalogram were normal. Two children were treated with antiepileptic drugs for 2 weeks. All the children were recovered within 2 days and none of them had a recurrence of seizures.

Conclusion EOIS is an underrecognized and rare entity. The knowledge or awareness of EOIS among health care professionals can prevent unnecessary investigations and long-term antiepileptic drug therapy.

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