|Publication Type:||Web Article|
|Year of Publication:||2022|
|Series Title:||The Extinctions|
|Access Date:||1 November|
|Keywords:||Cabalus lafresnayanus, Caracara lutosa, Felicola isodoroi, Gallirallus owstoni, Hydrobates macrodactylus, Longimenopon dominicanum, Philopteroides xenicus, Psittacobrosus bechstein, Rallicola extinctus, Rallicola pilgrimi, Xenicus longipes|
In biology, parasitism is a form of symbiosis, a close association between species, in which one species (the parasite) exploits another (the host) for its own benefit. This aspect of harm is what separates parasitism from other symbioses, such as commensalism, in which one species sees gains while other isn’t affected. Most parasites depend entirely on their hosts for nourishment and/or habitat, and so they become intimately tied in an evolutionary context. This host dependence often leads to extreme adaptations and body plans tailored to surviving on – or in – another organism’s body.
Phthiraptera (Lice), Colpocephalum californici (Lice), Austromenopon confine (Lice), Cummingsiella breviclypeata (Lice), Acutifrons caracarensis (Lice), Coloceras hemiphagae (Lice), Coloceras restinctus (Lice), Rallicola Rallicola piageti (Lice), Linognathus petasmatus (Lice), Lynx pardinus (Mammal (ASM)), Addax nasomaculatus (Mammal (ASM)), Oryx dammah (Mammal (ASM)), Heteralocha acutirostris (Avian), Apteryx owenii (Avian), Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae spadicea (Avian), Numenius tenuirostris (Avian), Gymnogyps californianus (Avian)