A Survey of the Ectoparasites Found on Wild Birds in Northwest Turkey

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2022
Authors:O. Girisgin, Girisgin, A. Onur, Cimenlikaya, N., Saygin, B.
Journal:Indian Journal of Animal Research
Date Published:Mar-12-2022
ISSN:0976-0555, 0367-6722
Keywords:Actornitophilus piceus, Ardea alba, Chroicocephalus genei, Comatomenapon elongatum, ectoparasite, Ixobrychus minutus, Larus cachinnans, Meropsiella apiastri, Pseudomenapon pilosum, Survey, wild birds

Background: Turkey is home to various resident and migratory wild bird species. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ectoparasites found on 188 injured or rescued resident and migratory wild birds from Bursa and surroundings between 2015 and 2019.

Methods: Sampled birds were examined for different ectoparasites and all of the collected parasites were placed into tubes containing 70% ethyl alcohol. After mounting onto slides or fixing onto a plate, each parasite was identified to species using a light or stereo microscope.

Result: Results revealed that 88 (46.8%) of the examined wild birds were infested with one or two of 3 different species of ectoparasites. The species identified were 38 lice, three ticks and two flies. The lice were highly prevalent (40.4%) species than the flies (2.1%) and ticks (2.1%). The results also first geographically documented the lice and ked fly species as follows, with additional new host records: Fulicoffula gallinula and Pseudomenapon pilosum in the common moorhens (Gallinula chloropus); Ciconiphilus decimfasciatus in the grey heron (Ardea cinerea); Saemundssonia clayae in the Eurasian woodcock (Scolopax rusticola); Ardeicola ixobrychae in the common little bittern (Ixobrychus minutus) and the ked fly as Ornithophila metallica in the Eurasian magpies (Pica pica) in Turkey. The study results provided valuable data on the ectoparasites living on migratory and resident bird species during their migration throughout northwest Turkey. Further research on the related pathogens that these ectoparasites harbor is in need.

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